How to Write an Abstract

Each student must write an abstract to be displayed with the project. An abstract gives the summary of the project. The abstract should reflect the essence of your project. Judges should gain a basic idea of the project after reading the abstract. Details and discussions should not be included in the abstract. If the students desires, he/she may be put the detailed information a written research paper or given on the project exhibit board.
Participants at the MACPRO are required to use the online Abstract Form to submit their abstract.

Purpose of the Experiment
· An introductory statement of the reason for choosing and doing this topic.
· A statement of the problem or hypothesis being studied.

Procedures Used
· A summarization of the key points and an overview of how the investigation was conducted.
· Do not give details about the materials used.

· This section should provide key results that lead directly to drawn the conclusions
· It should not give too many details and numerical values about the results.

· Conclusions should be described briefly.
· State some applications and extensions of the research project.
An abstract should not include a bibliography.

Using transparent wastes as “Transparent thermal insulators”

Nowadays people have big problems to maintain enough energy for their normal life needs, and to deal with big amount of municipal wastes that we are producing each second, so as a solution to those, we thought about finding new energy sources but also effective to the problem of big amount of municipal wastes, and to air pollution. As a solution, we aimed to study the usage of transparent thermal insulators that are really effective solution for heat conservation and at the same time is super solution against wastes.

Transparent thermal insulators are made of transparent wastes such as; plastics, glass, cellophane, nylon, etc. At the same time we can produce effective thermal insulators that will reduce our energy needs and we can also reduce emission of hazardous gasses that are produced by systems for heating objects as heat needs will be reduced because of better heat conservation. And secondly we can clean our environment from transparent wastes that make about 15 to 20% of municipal wastes. By using those wastes for production of transparent thermal insulators we can solve the problem of these wastes without producing many dangerous gasses during recycling process. We can also maintain new workplaces for many poor people that will be working to collect and select all of transparent materials (wastes) needs for production of transparent thermal insulators.

So the transparent thermal insulators are solutions for many of our daily problems, just we need to finish researches completely and use them to increase people’s life standards and to supply people’s needs.



Elements of A Successful Project

1.) Project Journal
As you conduct your experiment, record the results as they are produced. It might be hard to remember some observations and data after experimentation. Take careful notes during data collection. They may be a little ‘messy’ but try to write every detail of data and observations. Data tables are also helpful. This will help you to organize your data when writing your research paper. Good notes remember everything. So your notes will help you to communicate better with the judges during your presentation. Make sure you date each entry.

2.) Research Paper
The students should prepare a research paper and it should be available along with the project journal and other necessary tools to present your project on their display table. A good research paper has the following sections;

a. Cover Page
b. Table of Contents
c. Abstract
d. Introduction
e. Materials and Methods
f. Results
g. Discussion
i. Acknowledgments
j. References/Bibliography

a. Cover Page
This page includes title of the project and name of the researcher.

b. Table of Contents
The second page of your report is the table of contents. It should contain a list of everything in the report that follows the contents page, as shown below.

c. Abstract
The abstract is a brief overview of the project. It should not be more than 1 page and should include the project title, a statement of the purpose, a hypothesis, a brief description of the procedure, and the results. A copy of the abstract must be submitted to the MACPRO officials during registration. See abstract form. Also, it is a good idea to have copies available for judges at your display. This gives judges something to refer to when making final decisions.

d. Introduction
The introduction is a statement of your purpose, along with background information that led you to make this study. It should contain a brief statement of your hypothesis based on your research. In other words, it should state what information or knowledge you had that led you to hypothesize the answer to the project’s problem question. Make references to information or experiences that led you to choose the project’s purpose.

e. Materials and Methods
You should describe all details of your procedures that you used to collect data, and make observations. Procedures should include a list of the materials used and the amount of each and the procedural steps are in order. Your written methods should be detailed enough so that someone would be able to repeat the experiment from the information in you paper. You can also include detailed photographs or drawings.

f. Results
It should include all measurements and observations that you took during each experiment and analysis of collected data. Graphs, tables, and charts created from your data should be labeled. If there is a large amount of data, you may choose to put most of it in an appendix, which can be placed in a separate binder or notebook. If you do separate the material, a summary of the data should be placed in the data section of the report.

g. Discussion
In this section you will discuss what your data shows; it is not the conclusion. You should compare your results with published data, commonly held beliefs, and/or expected results. Your discussion should include possible errors. Also, discuss what you would do differently to improve this project in the future and what other experiments should be conducted?

h. Conclusion
The conclusion summarizes, in about one page or less, what you discovered based on your experimental results. The conclusion states the hypothesis and indicates whether the data supports it. The conclusion can also include a brief description of plans for exploring ideas for future experiments. Also, it contains practical applications of the project.

i. Acknowledgments
Even though technically your project is to be your work alone, it is OK to have some help. The acknowledgment is not a list of names, but a short paragraph stating the names of the people and institutions and how they helped you.

j. References/Bibliography
A bibliography is a listing of the resources and references used during the research of your project. It should include information about the magazines and books you used. That information is organized so that interested readers could seek out and find the books and articles you refer to.

In the case of a book, you must supply the title of the book, its author, publishing company, the city where the publishing company is located, and the date the book was published.

For a magazine article you must supply the title of the article, the author, the magazine it appeared in, the date of the magazine issue, the volume of the magazine, and the pages the article appeared on. The followings are sample references.

Johnson, Peter H. “Wired For Warmth,” (electic soil warmers – plant propagators), Rodale’s Organic Gardening, Jan. 1987, vol. 34, 68
Math, Irwin. Wires & Watts, New York, Scribner, 1981
“Gyroscopic Properties,” The World Book Encyclopedia, 1988, vol. 8, 477
Online website
Planning for College and Academic Planning. The College Board. 7 June 2000,



When Judges evaluate your project, they mostly focus on:
1. Were you creative when doing your science fair project?
• Does your research show creativity and originality?
• Did you solve the question in an original way?
• Did you construct or design new equipment?

2. Did you follow the scientific methods and procedures in your science fair project?
• Did you clearly state your problem?
• Did you use scientific literature when you do your initial research?
• Did you clearly state your variables?
• Did you use controls?
• Does your data support your conclusions?
• Do you recognize the limitations of the data / experiment? And did you state them in your conclusions?
• Did you make suggestions as to what further research is warranted?

3. Were you thorough in doing your science project?
• Did you carefully think out your science fair project, go about it systematically for simple science fair projects with well thought-out research following the scientific method for kids outline and observations?
• Did you complete all parts of your research experiment?
• Did you keep a project journal?
• Did you keep detailed notes in your journal?

4. What was the quality of your technical skill?
• Did you have the required equipment to obtain your data?
• Was the project performed at home, school, university laboratory?
• Where did the equipment come from? Did you build it? Did you loan it from somewhere? Did you work in a professional laboratory?
• Did you do the project yourself or did you receive help? If you received help the judges are looking for you to give credit to those individuals.

5. Did you have clarity with the details of your science project?

6. How well your project fits in with the theme of being beneficial to society will be taken into account?

MACPRO Organizing committee is looking for PROFESSORS, POSTDOCS, ENGINEERS, SPECIALISTS, RESEARCHERS, SCIENTISTS, and OTHER PROFESSIONALS to evaluate research projects of young scientists.

Judging Criteria

Judging criteria for the 1st category (out of 100 points):

  1. Creativity/Originality (Statement of hypothesis; clarity of purpose; identification of all relevant variables.): 5 points
  2. Review of literature (Research of scientific literature and use of references.): 5 points
  3. Scientific thought (Statement of hypothesis; clarity of purpose; identification of all relevant variables.): 10 points
  4. Scientific method (Evidence of depth of study and effort in employing scientific procedures; proper methods followed for experimentation and investigations.): 10 points
  5. Data management (Proper recording and display of data in tables, charts, and graphs; proper analysis of data.): 10 points
  6. Conclusions (Drawing logical conclusions, consistency of conclusions with obtained data; recommendations for further research.): 10 points
  7. Applications (Practical applications of the project; benefits for society in certain ways.): 10 points
  8. Research skills and effort (Level of skills and effort by (each) researcher to carry out the project; amount of work; high level of understanding the techniques and equipments used to gather data.): 10 points
  9. Understanding the project ((Each) Student’s understanding of each step during the implementation of the project.): 15 points
  10. Quality of display (Well organized display; project journal.): 15 points


Judging criteria for the 2nd category (out of 100 points):

  1. Creativity/Originality (Must be original and creative.): 20 points
  2. Presentation (How student presents his/her project to juries.): 20 points
  3. Technical Skills Involved (Technical skills and methods used in project.): 20 points
  4. Idea and Message (Does the project give good message and idea?): 10 points
  5. Graphic Aspect (Graphics must be in good quality including small image details.): 15 points
  6. Stand Design and Documentation (It must be nice and properly organized. Source code and/or source files must be submitted. Posters, brochures or flyers can): 15 point


Judging criteria for the 3rd category ( Industrial design)

1. The design shall comply with the existing standards and laws related with the involved product.
2. The design shall be prepared in a way, in which the presentation documents and the functions are able to make everything clear about the project.
3. The design shall be an easy to produce model.
4. The projects are expected to reflect the benefits, images and the identities of the designs.
5. The design style must be unique, different and catchy.
6. The design must make a difference from the similar ones in the same field.
7. The selected materials shall be appropriate for the design itself.
8. The design is expected to promote benefits related with the aim of the project.
9. The design is expected to an environment-friendly one.

10. The production of the design must be based on theoretical methods.


General Rules and Display Regulations

  • The MACPRO Olympiad is open to all students who are currently enrolled in Turkish schools from grades six to twelve. Evaluation in three categories will be done for classes 6, 7, 8 (Junior Section) and classes 9, 10, 11, 12 (Senior Section) separately.
  • In all aspects of projects, the participants must maintain integrity.
  • All competitors and supervisors have to communicate in English well enough to present their projects.
  • All students must attend the MACPRO Olympiad with an adult supervisor (a teacher)
  • Same project can NOT be submitted twice without significant progress
  • Projects which do not submit required information on time in the requested format shall be disqualified
  • All students are required to adhere to the rules set by the MACPRO Olympiad.
  • The size of your poster should be between  70 cm x 100 cm
  • Each student may present only one project.
  • Maximum two students may present a science project.
  • Participants must avoid any misconduct or fraud, such as falsifying data or records, and piracy or plagiarism (presenting the work of another person’s as one’s own).
  • MACPRO Judging Committee has the right to deny any project without owing any explanation.
  • Competitors will be required to submit an abstract and a project description paper detailing their project as part of the application process. All projects must submit full project description (research paper).
  • The abstract should be less than 500 words and should include the goal, experiments, and the results.
  • The project description paper should include: title, student names, school, city, abstract, introduction, goal of the project, methods and experiments, results and discussions, conclusion, and references.
  • Competitors will present their project as a poster presentation during MACPRO Olympiad. They are allowed to bring demos or prototypes to present as part of their presentation.
  • Presentation designs (poster and table overall) will be judged by the MACPRO judges for the most creative poster presentation design (overall) award. Be creative in your designs.
  • In the Short Movie, Poster Design and Web Design categories student will offer a solution to any kind of problem ( Environmental, Social, Educational ….)
  • We can register all the students that are preparing projects (there is no limit).
  • In Poster Design category; Size of the poster must be (70 x 100 cm) and printed.
  • In Poster Design category; Projects will be prepared by 1 student. (No group allowed)
  • Groups can be up to 2 students.
  • Movies and projects will be in English.
  • Movies must be longer than 3 minutes and less than 6 minutes